HTML: The Builder of the Web
HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is the foundational layer of a website. Think of it as the skeleton that gives a webpage its basic structure. HTML defines the content on the page, such as text, images, and links. Without HTML, there would be no webpage to speak of. In the early days of the internet, HTML was responsible for both the structure and the visual aspects of a website. For example, you would use HTML tags like
<bold> to make text bold or
<center> to center-align your text. However, as the web evolved, these visual responsibilities were largely handed over to CSS.
CSS: The Artist Behind the Aesthetics
CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is the stylist of the web. It takes the basic HTML structure and adds a layer of visual flair to it. CSS is responsible for the colors, fonts, and layout of a webpage. It’s what makes a website visually appealing and user-friendly. Without CSS, a webpage would be a dull, text-heavy document with no styling. Importantly, CSS relies on HTML to work; it needs something to style, after all. Over time, CSS has taken over many of the visual aspects that were initially controlled by HTML, making websites more dynamic and visually appealing.
The Symbiotic Relationship: Front-End Web Development
These three languages work in tandem to create what we know as “Front-End Web Development.” This is the part of web development that deals with what users see and interact with. In contrast, “Back-End Web Development” focuses on server-side operations and databases, which make the web applications function.
How Web Browsers Play a Role
The Evolution of Web Languages