The Pros and Cons of Using Tailwind CSS

When it comes to web development, choosing the right tools can make all the difference. One such tool that has gained significant traction in recent years is Tailwind CSS, a utility-first CSS framework. While it’s not the only option for styling your web applications, it has some unique advantages and disadvantages that make it worth considering, especially for side projects.
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The Allure of Traditional CSS

Before diving into why Tailwind CSS is a compelling choice, it’s essential to understand the merits of traditional CSS. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) have been around for years and are natively supported by browsers. They offer immense flexibility, allowing you to create variables, use media queries for responsiveness, and more. One of the most significant advantages of using plain CSS or its pre-processed variants like SASS is the separation of concerns. Your styles are abstracted away from your HTML, making your codebase easier to manage and maintain.

However, traditional CSS is not without its pitfalls. If you don’t adhere to a structured methodology like BEM (Block Element Modifier), you can quickly find yourself in a mess of overlapping styles and conflicts, especially when integrating third-party libraries. Debugging can also become a nightmare if you don’t follow best practices, such as avoiding the use of !important tags indiscriminately.

Why Tailwind CSS Stands Out

Tailwind CSS takes a different approach by promoting utility-first CSS. This means that instead of defining CSS classes in separate files, you apply styling directly within your HTML or JSX tags. This inline styling approach has several benefits:

1. Predictability and Ease of Debugging

With Tailwind, you can immediately see what styles are applied to an element, making it easier to debug and understand your layout. There’s no need to sift through multiple CSS files to find out why an element looks a certain way.

2. Rapid Prototyping

Tailwind enables quick development and prototyping. If you find a component you like in a Tailwind component library, you can usually copy and paste the code directly into your project without needing to install additional packages.

3. Flexibility and Customization

Tailwind doesn’t abstract you too far away from raw CSS. Each utility class in Tailwind corresponds to an underlying CSS property, making it easier for those who are already familiar with CSS.

4. Responsiveness and Interactivity

Tailwind comes with built-in utilities for responsiveness and interactivity. You can easily change styles based on screen size or user interaction, like hover, without writing custom CSS.

The Trade-offs

While Tailwind offers many advantages, it’s not without its drawbacks:

1. Verbose Syntax

One of the most common criticisms is that it can lead to verbose and hard-to-read HTML, as all the styles are inline.

2. Learning Curve

For beginners, the utility-first approach may seem overwhelming, and there’s a risk of applying styles inconsistently across the project.

3. Tight Coupling

Your project becomes tightly coupled with Tailwind, making it challenging to switch to another framework down the line.

4. Risk of Code Duplication

The ease of copying and pasting components can lead to code duplication. It’s crucial to abstract reusable components to maintain a clean codebase.


Choosing between Tailwind CSS and traditional CSS boils down to personal preference and project requirements. Tailwind excels in rapid development and offers a high degree of customization but requires a disciplined approach to prevent code duplication and maintainability issues. On the other hand, traditional CSS provides a tried-and-true methodology but can become cumbersome in large projects with multiple dependencies.

So, whether you’re working on a side project or a large-scale application, weigh the pros and cons to decide which approach aligns best with your development goals. And remember, the tech community is a vast resource; don’t hesitate to seek advice and share your experiences. Happy coding!